Florimène at the Court of Charles I


Close Note

Relief or Relieve: A scenic area upstage of the backshutter bank.

The term relief appears to have been used interchangeably with the term relieve, and the arguement is carefully documented in Richard Southern's Changeable Scenery.

Judging from the evidence provided by drawings of Inigo Jones and his contemporaries, the relief area was often used to display what today we would call "cut and profiled" scenes, scenic pieces with holes cut in them and with edges cut in profile, often set in overlapping depth.

In the illustration below, the dark green backshutter has been pulled off to "discover" (reveal) the scene of relief, here made up of an olive and a red cut drop, their centers removed, and a scene painted on the third (blue) drop.